|(Annual Report 2071/71 DOHS)|
|Gorkhapatra Daily (1/31/2016)|
- 1960 ‐Leprosy survey by Government of Nepal (GoN) in collaboration with World Health Organization (WHO).
- 1966 ‐Pilot project to control leprosy launched with Dapsone monotherapy.
- 1982 ‐Introduction of Multi Drug Therapy (MDT) in leprosy control program.
- 1987 ‐Integration of vertically shaped leprosy control program into general basic health services.
- 1991 ‐National leprosy elimination goal was set.
- 1995 ‐Focal persons (TB and Leprosy Assistants‐TLAs) for districts & regions appointed.
- 1996 ‐All 75 districts were brought on MDT
- Two rounds of National Leprosy Elimination Campaign (NLEC) were implemented.
- 2008 ‐Intensive efforts made for achieving elimination at national level
- 2009 ‐Leprosy elimination achieved at national level
- 2010 ‐Elimination at national level declared
- 2011 ‐National strategy was introduced
- – National guidelines was revised
- 2012‐2013 ‐Elimination sustained at national level
- 2013‐2014 ‐Mid Term Evaluation on Strategy 2011‐2015
- Reduce New Case Detection Rate (NCDR) by 25 % at national level by the end of 2015 in comparison to 2010
- Reduce Prevalence Rate (PR) by 35 % at national level by the end of 2015 in comparison to 2010
- Reduce by 35% Grade 2 disability (G2D) amongst newly detected cases per 100,000 population by the end of 2015 in comparison to 2010
- Additional deformity during treatment <5% by eyes, hands and feet (EHF) score
- 80% health workers are able to recognize and manage /refer reaction/complications
- Promote prevention of disability in leprosy(POD) and Self care
These targets will be revised after midterm evaluation.
- To eliminate leprosy (Prevalence Rate below 1 per 10,000 population) and further reduce disease burden at district level.
- To reduce disability due to leprosy.
- To reduce stigma in the community against leprosy.
- To provide high quality service for all persons affected by leprosy.5. To integrate leprosy in the integrated health care delivery set‐up for provision of quality services.
- Early new case detection and their timely and complete management
- Quality leprosy services in an integrated setup by qualified health workers
- Prevention of leprosy associated impairment and disability
- Rehabilitation of people affected by leprosy, including medical and community based rehabilitation
- Reduce stigma and discrimination through advocacy, social mobilization and IEC activities and address gender equality and social inclusion.
- Strengthen referral centers for complications management
- Meaningful involvement of people affected by leprosy in leprosy services, and address human right issues
- Promote and conduct operational researches/studies
- Monitoring, supportive supervision including onsite coaching, surveillance and evaluation to ensure/strengthen quality leprosy services
- Strengthen partnership, co‐operation and coordination with local government, external development partners, civil society and community based organizations.