The Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) Data 2019
AT A GLANCE
- Gains continue to be made against the epidemic, but those gains are getting smaller year-on-year.
- There has been steady progress in the reduction of AIDS-related deaths, but efforts to reach the 2020 target for reductions in HIV infections are clearly off-track.
- Gains in eastern and southern Africa are driving global progress. In much of the rest of the world, there are worrying setbacks in key countries and entire regions.
- More than half of new HIV infections in 2018 were among key populations and their sexual partners.
- An epidemic transition metric suggests that a diverse group of 19 countries are on the path to ending AIDS. Many more countries are not.
- A one third decline in AIDS-related deaths: The annual number of deaths from AIDS-related illness among people living with HIV (all ages) globally has fallen from a peak of 1.7 million [1.3 million–2.4 million] in 2004 to 770 000 [570 000–1 100 000] in 2018.
- New HIV infections declining gradually: The annual number of new HIV infections globally continued to decline gradually in 2018.
- More than half of new infections are among key populations and their sexual partners.
- Epidemic transition: The global incidence-prevalence ratio has declined from 11.2% in 2000 to 6.6% in 2010 to 4.6% in 2018, reinforcing the conclusion that important progress has been made against the epidemic. Despite this, the world is not yet on track to end AIDS as a public health threat by 2030.
Global summary of the AIDS epidemic 2018
- Number of people living with HIV
Total: 37.9 million [32.7 million–44.0 million]
Adults : 36.2 million [31.3 million–42.0 million]
Women (15+ years) : 18.8 million [16.4 million–21.7 million]
Children (<15 years): 1.7 million [1.3 million–2.2 million]
- People newly infected with HIV in 2018
Total: 1.7 million [1.4 million–2.3 million]
Adults: 1.6 million [1.2 million–2.1 million]
Children (<15 years): 160 000 [110 000–260 000]
- AIDS-related deaths in 2018
Total: 770 000 [570 000–1.1 million]
Adults : 670 000 [500 000–920 000]
Children (<15 years): 100 000 [64 000–160 000]