Preventing Suicide: Reaching Out and Saving Lives #World_Suicide_Prevention_Day

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‘Preventing Suicide: Reaching Out and Saving Lives’ is the theme of the 2015 World Suicide Prevention Day (WSPD), an initiative of the International Association for Suicide Prevention(IASP) and the WHO, a co-sponsor of meetings and events related to WSPD 2015.. Since 2003, WSPD has taken place on 10th September each year. It serves as a call to action to individuals and organizations to prevent suicide. This year, the theme encourages us all to consider the role that offering support may play in combating suicide.(1)
Source



Key facts (2)

  • Over 800 000 people die due to suicide every year.
  • For every suicide there are many more people who attempt suicide every year. A prior suicide attempt is the single most important risk factor for suicide in the general population.
  • Suicide is the second leading cause of death among 15–29-year-olds.
  • 75% of global suicides occur in low- and middle-income countries.
  • Ingestion of pesticide, hanging and firearms are among the most common methods of suicide globally.



    Prevention and control

    • Suicides are preventable. There are a number of measures that can be taken at population, sub-population and individual levels to prevent suicide and suicide attempts. These include:
    • reducing access to the means of suicide (e.g. pesticides, firearms, certain medications);
    • reporting by media in a responsible way;
    • introducing alcohol policies to reduce the harmful use of alcohol;
    • early identification, treatment and care of people with mental and substance use disorders, chronic pain and acute emotional distress;
    • training of non-specialized health workers in the assessment and management of suicidal behaviour;
    • follow-up care for people who attempted suicide and provision of community support. 

    Suicide is a complex issue and therefore suicide prevention efforts require coordination and collaboration among multiple sectors of society, including the health sector and other sectors such as education, labour, agriculture, business, justice, law, defense, politics, and the media. These efforts must be comprehensive and integrated as no single approach alone can make an impact on an issue as complex as suicide.

    Read also;
    World Suicide Prevention Day -2014; Suicide Prevention: One World Connected.’

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