National Family Planning Program, Nepal

National Family Planning Program, Nepal
The Government of Nepal commits to equitable access to voluntary Family Planning (FP) services based on informed choice for all individuals and couples, in particular the poor’ vulnerable and marginalized groups. 

The main aim of the National Family Planning Program is to ensure that individuals and couples are able to fulfill their reproductive needs by using appropriate family planning methods based on informed choice. Family planning can reduce unmet need for contraceptives and unintended pregnancy which ultimately helps to improve maternal and child health, empowers women by allowing them to invest more in their children and earn wages outside the home. In addition, it also helps communities and country to boost economic growth by expanding healthy and skillful labor force and allowing them to invest more money in school, health care and infrastructure development. Overall, National Family Planning Program helps to improve the quality of life of people and develop a nation. Family planning is one of the priority programs of Government of Nepal, Ministry of Health. It is also considered as a component of reproductive health package and essential health care services of Nepal Health Sector Program II (2010‐2015), National Family Planning Costed Implementation Plan 2015‐ 2021, Nepal Health Sector Strategy 2015‐2020 (NHSS) and the Government of Nepal’s commitments to FP2020.  

In Nepal, family planning information and services are being provided through government, social marketing, non‐governmental organizations and private sectors. In government health system, currently, temporary family planning methods (male condoms, oral pills and injectable) are provided on a regular basis through health posts, sub health posts, PHC Outreach clinics. Female Community Health Volunteers are providing information to community people, and distribute condom and resupply of pills. Long acting reversible contraceptive (LARC) services such as IUCD and Implants are available only at limited number of Primary Health Care Centers and health posts where trained health care providers are available. Sterilization services are provided at static sites or through scheduled “seasonal” or mobile outreach services. Almost all district FP MCH clinics are providing all types of temporary FP methods regularly.


  • GoN strives to improve the health status of all people, regardless of their sex, caste and ethnicity, or socioeconomic status. Overall objective of the FP program is to improved health status of all people through accountable and equitable health service delivery system through informed choice to access and use voluntary FP (through increased and equitable access to quality FP information and services)

Specific  Objectives:
  • To   increase   access   to   and   utilization   of   quality   FP   services   which   are   safe,   effective   and   acceptable  to  individuals  and  couples.  Special  focus  is  given  to  increasing  access  to  services   in  places  where  the  rural,  poor,  Dalit,  other  marginalized  people  and  those  with  high  unmet   need  live.
  • To  create  an  enabling  environment  for  increasing  access  to  quality  family  planning  services   to  men  and  women.
  • To  increase   demand   of   family   planning   services   by  implementing   various   behavior   change   communication  activities
Policies and  Strategies:
  1. Enabling    Environment:     – Strengthen    enabling  environment  for  family  planning     – Establish  family  planning  as  reproductive  rights  of  females  and  males.
  2. Demand   Generation:     Increase   health   care seeking   behavior   among   population   with   high unmet  need  for  modern  contraception.
  3. Service  Delivery:     – Enhance   FP   service   delivery   including   commodities   to   respond   to   the   needs   of   marginalized,  rural  residents,  migrants,  adolescents  and  other  special  groups. – Increase  availability  of  broader  range  of  modern  contraceptives  and  improved  method   mix.     – Effective  integration  of  family  planning  services  with  other  health  services.   – Strengthen  effective  procurement  and  logistics  management  system  to  ensure  regular   availability  of  family  planning  commodities.   – Promote   family   planning   services   delivery   through   government,   private,   non-­‐ governmental  organization  and  social  marketing  approaches.
  4. Capacity   Building:     Strengthen   capacity   of   service   providers   to   expand   FP   service   delivery   network.
  5. Research  and  Innovation:    Strengthen  evidence  base  for  effective  programme  implementation   through  research  and  innovations.

Read also:  Important notice for I/NGOS - Social Welfare Council, Nepal

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